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  history of architecture

 

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Anyag, szerkezet, forma...

 material, structure, form...

 

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  resources

 

Tanulmányok 

  studies

 

Építészettörténeti bibliográfia

  architectural history bibliography

 

 

 

Történeti anyagtan

 

Historical Study of Materials

 

This book summarizes up the ancient architectural solutions, which have sunk in the waters of forgetfulness for today. As a result of the big industry during the past 100, 150 years, the architecture, becoming standardized, lost many architectural solutions. Without the application of these methods the authentic restoration of ancient buildings is not possible. Some of the building methods already forgotten by today offer inexpensive and durable alternatives as opposed to the modern materials and techniques. In the heart of our mind there lie hidden the ways and means of ancient architecture, which do influence our way of thinking and taste. The content of certain materials and solutions having reference to given periods of time cannot be denied.

 

This work is useful for those designing engineers, building engineers and building owners, who want

-  to get familiarised with the ancient building materials and technologies,

-  to determine the age of old buildings,

-  to restore old buildings with the exact period materials and in the original way,

-  to achieve the old effects.

 

The building researches, archive researches and old publications (prescriptions, technological instructions, etc.) serve as a basis of this book. Chronologically it deals with the materials of the 16-20th century, but in case of ancient mortars it even reaches back to the Roman times.

It discusses

-  the composition of the one-time building materials,

-  the history of the ancient materials and technologies,

-  the possibility of the restoration, completion and replacement of the ancient materials.

The book primarily concentrates on the presentation of the old mortars, the plasters, the stucco and the various kinds of painting methods.

 

The Table of Contents of the book:

Introduction

I. Fired Clay Products

II Walling Materials of Non-ceramic Basis

III. Building Stones

IV. Ordinary Mortars and Plasters

V. Building Elements, Special Plasters, Artificial Stones

VI. Paintings and Paints

VII. Claddings

VIII. Metals

IX. The Wooden Materials of the Construction and their Protection

X. The Glass

XI. Waterproofing Insulators

XII. Heat Insulating Materials

XIII. Building Engineering

XIV. Early Metrical Principles and Solutions of Supporting Structures

XV. Bibliography

 

Történeti szerkezettan

 

Historical Architectonics

 

This book deals with the building constructions of the past one thousand years. It is structure-centred; and has a historical approach. It complements rather than substitutes the specialist books on architectonics of our time. The knowledge of the building methods of our predecessors is instructing and inspiring at the same time. In the heart of our mind there lie hidden the expertise of our ancestors, and this does influence our way of thinking. Old solutions may give inspiration even to the architecture of today.

 

This work might be in useful to designing architects, building engineers and building owners, who want  

- to get familiarised with the ancient building structures, and the technology  of their construction,

- to determine the age of old buildings,

- to restore old buildings with exact structures of a given period of time,

- to know the supporting power of the old constructions,

- to achieve old effects.

  

This book is based on building researches, on period plans and publications. Chronologically it deals with the building structures of the 10th to the19th centuries.

It discusses:

- the solutions of the one-time structures,

- the history of the ancient technologies,

- the metrical principles of the old structures,

- the prospects of the restoration, completion and replacement of old structures.

 

The book focuses on the constructional methods and planning principles of arches, and the roofing structures.

 

The structure of the book:

I. Introduction

II. The ancient building practice

III. Foundations

IV. Walls

V. Architectural Elements

VI. Vaults and Arches

VII. Wooden Structures I.; Floors

VIII. Wooden Structures II.; Roof Structures

IX. Structures made of Iron

X. Staircase Structures

XI. Reinforced Concrete Structures

 

Klasszikus formatan

 

Study of Classical Forms

 

The treasury of the architectural forms, of Greek origin, widespread in the ancient world, has created during the course of history once again a consistent architectural style, which until this very day constitutes part and parcel of our European culture, and serves as a basis of our architectural conscience. The forms, already forgotten, have a social meaning even today, forming part of the architectural representation of our time. In the heart of our mind there lie the forms of the ancient architecture hidden, which do influence our way of thinking. The content of certain forms referring to given ages is undeniable.

 

This book sums up the antique architectural forms, and the styles based on them.

It discusses:

- the conditions of the creation of the conscious architectural work,

- the separate development of the “Western” and the “Eastern” world in the mind, also reflected in the history and forms of architecture,

- the characteristics of the “Western” form and creation method,

- the history of the “classical” building forms,

- the planning and metrical principles of the “classical” building forms,

- the after-life of the antique forms in the Renaissance, the Baroque and the Classicist Architecture.

 

The knowledge above is needed in order

- to determine the age of old buildings

- to restore/renew old buildings

- to design new buildings

 

The structure of the book:

 

About the Form in General

- The Form as such

- The “Style” of the West

- Western Form in the Architecture

- Classical Practice of the Architectural Composition

The Antique Forms and their After-life

- The Greek and Roman Architecture of the Ancient World

- The Ornaments of the Structure

- Doric Order

- Ionic Order

- Aeolian Order

- Corinthian Order

- Composite or Roman Order

- Column Sculptures in the Antique Architecture

- The After-life of the Antique forms and the Enrichment of the Architecture

The Baroque

The Revival of the Antique Forms

The Disuniting Architecture

The Architectural Classicism

The Experiments of the Return

 

 

Öt könyv a régi építészetről, 1-5.

Five books of ancient architecture

Manual for the Restoration of Monuments

  

This book sums up the ancient architectural solutions, which have sunk in the waters of forgetfulness for today, and deals with the building constructions of the past one thousand years. The present work may be useful for all those designing engineers, building engineers, who want

- to get familiarised with the ancient building constructions and the technology of their architecture,

- to get familiarised with the ancient building materials,

- to determine the age of old buildings,

- to restore old buildings with the exact period materials and structures,

- to achieve old effects,

- to know the supporting power of old structures.

 

This knowledge above is necessary

- to determine the age of old buildings,

- to restore/renew old buildings,

- to design new buildings.

 

Building researches, archive researches and ancient publications (prescriptions, instructions, etc.) serve as a basis of this book. Chronologically it covers the materials and building constructions of the 10-20th century.

It discusses

- the composition of the one-time building materials,

- the solutions of the one-time structures,

- the history of the ancient materials and structures,

- the metrical principles of the old structures,

- the prospects of the restoration, completion and replacement of the ancient materials and structures.

 

Introduction

I.          - Foundations

II.         - Materials of Supporting Structures: Walling Materials

III.        - Materials of Supporting Structures: binding and additive materials, mortars, elements consisting of mortar

IV.       - Walls

V.        - Vaults

VI.       - Dissections of Frontage

VII.       - Staircases

VIII.      - Concrete, Reinforced Concrete structures

IX.        - Wooden/Timber Structures

X.         - Metal Structures

XI.        - Paintings

XII.        - Claddings

XIII.       - Glass

XIV.      - Insulations